The disappearance of teenage women in Mexico is related to criminal groups linked to human trafficking for the purpose of trading sexual exploitation; and it is growing, reported the Network for the Rights of the Childhood in Mexico (Red por los Derechos de la Infancia en Mexico, Redim).
The most affected zones by this disappearances are the north border and the center of the country.
Just in four years, from the 57 cases registered in 2010 it went to 612 case in 2014, which represents a 974% increase, informed the Redim Director, Juan Martín Pérez García in the Webinar “Niñez Desaparecida” (Missing childhood) made by Women’s Communication and Information AC (Comunicación e Información de la Mujer AC Cimac).
The organization has documented that the teenagers between 15 and 17 years old are the main target contemplated by the human trafficking criminal networks: 7 out of 10 missing teenagers are female. Martín Pérez pointed that a common age pattern, features and geographical zones were the events take place has been identified.
The states where this crime against humanity happens has commonality with the regions perpetrated by the organized crime and criminal networks, according to the obtained data by the Redim.
In the north border, Tamaulipas registered from 2006 to 2014 the disappearance of 1,629 female children under 17 years old, the state with the biggest number of cases; the next one is Baja California with 257 cases and Coahuila with 193 missing female teenagers.
In Nuevo León 114 cases were recorded and in Chihuahua there were 108 missing female teenagers during the same period.
The center of the country is another of the red lights located by the Redim. The State of Mexico –that in the last years has been represented as a paradigmatic case, indicated García- registered 386 cases, it is the second state with the biggest report of missing female teenagers.
In Guanajuato 263 cases were counted, in Puebla 236, Mexico City had 169 disappearances, Jalisco 139 and Michoacán 123.
CHILDREN, ILEGAL ADOPTION AND SALES
This criminal bond has corresponded too with another sector of the childhood: male children under 4 years old. During the same period, 2006 to 2014, 1,902 children disappeared “which shows that the disappearance of little children is associated to the illegal adoption and children sales”, said García.
Although there are highlighted states with hundreds of cases, the Redim Director warned that the disappearance of the youth and childhood is a generalized situation in all the country. The organization counted between 2006 and 2014, 6,725 cases of missing children and teenagers from 0 to 17 years old in all the country.
Martín Pérez highlighted that the military actions summoned by the Mexican state to demolish this criminal groups have not achieved to guarantee the childhood and youth safety; on the contrary, it has generated a generalized fear in the county.
The scenario turns complicated due to the inefficiency of the regulatory systems and processes for searching female children and teenagers. The specialist explained that the states where more women have disappeared are the less were AMBER Alerts (system used to announce disappearances) have been emitted.
Besides, he said, “civil organizations have demanded for years the Gender Violence Alert declaratory (AVG) for the preventive actions, for those cases of victims of violence and disappearance”, however its negation causes the victims not to be found or they end up being victims of feminicide, in most of the cases, affirmed Martín García.
“We are seeking that, departing from the disappearance complaint, without the intervention of a criminal charge, a search is initiated”, because in most of the states one has to wait 72 hours to start with the search, “vital hours for the teenagers”, said the specialist.
PROTOCOL WITH GENDER PERSPECTIVE
The Redim has expressed to the Mexican government the necessity of including in the new General Law of Missing People a specific chapter about the missing childhood and youth, that allows to generate a more efficient searching protocol with gender perspective. For that, said the specialist, systems of immediate search must be implemented and programs of social accompaniment that contemplate the particularities of each case.
The grouping asks as well to create an official data base that contemplates disaggregated information, in order to recognize the magnitude of the problem, a normative frame that gives the law support and accompaniment to the relatives of the missing people.
The National System of Integral Protection of Female and Male Children and Teenagers (SIPINNA) is the instance in charge of meeting the problematic, but it has not been able to stablish, due to the lack of will from other states, pointed Juan Martín.
“The result is that today, we do not have practically any action, nor preventive, nor of change in the normative so the 6,700 cases of missing children and teenagers can be clarified”, added the specialist.
IN THE LIGHT OF IMPUNITY, INTERNATIONAL INSTANCES
The disappearance of female teenagers is inconspicuous, especially when it is “internationally clouded and hidden” by the Mexican government, with the purpose of not assuming the responsibility, not only at the national level, but also with the international instances, explained Juan Martín.
The representative of Redim said that most of the cases are kept in impunity due to the lack of authorities: “it is impossible that such a high number of people disappear without any authority to notice it, we must have clear that the Mexican state is not responding to reality”.
This situation, asserted, has already been pointed by many international organizations as a crime against humanity that could be considered as a humanitarian crisis and of Human Rights (HR) in the county.
In the absence of actions, the way that the organizations and the civil society have considered is to go to the international organs, like the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), where the Redim has an audience in April 2016. There it highlighted the importance of the NGOs on the HR defense process and pointed the Mexican state the necessity of creating actions for the youth and childhood.