gasolinazo-1 An anarchist historian, a feminist psychologist, a libertarian cooperativist, a popular educator and a union organizer share their opinions in regards to the increase in the prices of the gasoline up to 20% that the federal government prescribed us and its direct relation to the Energetic Reform.

“The increase in the gasoline price and is the direct product of the Energy Reform”

“The increase in the gasoline price and is the direct product of the Energy Reform”, indicated Alonso A., cooperativist and libertarian from Monterrey. In an interview by Nuestra Voz he explained that “the main problem, and new for the gasoline, is that: since it does not belong to Pemex, the new distributors can grab, speculate, thrive and realize any maneuver that suit them the most without any kind of restriction, just like any other product in the market. Likewise, he said that “there is also the discomfort caused by the Enrique Peña Nieto’s administration because this ensured many times that there would not be any increase. For many, this cynicism is observed as well as a mockery from the administration to the governed.”

NV: What is your opinion about the “gasolinazo” that the federal government prescribed us by increasing the prices of the fuel up to 20% at the beginning of this 2017?

Alonso: The increase in the gasoline price and is the direct product of the Energy Reform. By allowing the direct competence among the gasolines and its fluctuation, the price has to increase. More than a “gasolinazo” from the government, we are facing an adjustment of the prices of the new gasoline distributors.

NV: This new created immediate reactions –besides the general discomfort of the people-, there were many closed gas stations and there were the rumor of shortage in many states of the country. What is your interpretation of this situation? Was it really shortage or speculation? Who benefits from this?

Alonso: I think that more than a shortage, that most probably was created due to the panic buys, the main problem, and new for the gasoline, is that: since it does not belong to Pemex, the new distributors can grab, speculate, thrive and realize any maneuver that suit them the most without any kind of restriction, just like any other product in the market.

Clearly, the ones who benefit from this are the ones who are selling their gasoline in this 2017 20% more expensive than last year.

NV: Another reaction that is presented in the social media are the calls to make protests, marches, road blockades and to stop buying gasoline during the first days of the year. What do you think about this reactions? Because it seems like people realized that it is not enough to complain from a couch while surfing on Facebook.

Alonso: The increase in the prices has generated, without doubt, discomfort and refusals. Although principally is the increase in the price of the gasoline, and that as a consequence it will make that many other products and services increase as well, there is also the discomfort caused by the Enrique Peña Nieto’s administration because this ensured many times that there would not be any increase. . For many, this cynicism is observed as well as a mockery from the administration to the governed.

NV: In your opinion, to where should this streak of marches be directed in order to not let this be just a catharsis, a flash in the pan?

Alonso: It is difficult to anticipate to where this streak of marches are being directed. With no doubt the real absence in most of the states with autonomous and combative social movements avoid the discontent to be articulated and grows.

Nevertheless, we are facing a scenario rarely seen, where the delegitimzation of the president was already 70-75% before the increase in the prices. Now with this, and with the proximity of the election period, and with the change of course in Washington, certainly the 2017 seems to be a turbulent year and full of conflicts. What we should push from the autonomous and anti-capitalists sectors is the organization of the discomfort and to foment the refusal to the reforms, not because we seek to go back to a neo-liberal period, no way, but because just through fighting against what affects our everyday life we will be able to develop the fight for transforming radically our life conditions.

*Alonso has participated in different libertarian projects and social movements like the newspaper Proletarian Solidarity, the Movement of Student Assemblys, in the library Portón Negro and since some years ago he is being part of a work cooperative that works without owners.

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“The crisis are controlled by the elites to accumulate wealth”

“The shortage of gasoline is a tactic of speculation that the big capitalists have always used to justify the increase of such and such good”, indicated Arnoldo Díaz*, anarchist historian graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters at UANL.

“Crisis, shortages, wars, crime and exploitation are not natural processes, the economy and the policy are controlled by the elites, little minorities that have achieved to accumulate the wealth based on the horrors previously mentioned”, he detailed in interview to Nuestra Voz.

Here the complete interview:

NV: What is your opinion about the “gasolinazo” that the federal government prescribed us by increasing the prices of the fuel up to 20% at the beginning of this 2017?

– I cannot say that I am indifferent to the increase of this price because it has effects in sectors that affect directly to us who not have a car, for example, the increase in the price of public transport.

However, I would like to note that it is a good moment to refuse the use of fossil fuels in the public transport, as well as the use of car. Our city has been built to benefit only a few, to the owners of a car. A direct blow to the interests of the big entrepreneurs and to the same basis in Monterrey would mean for us to reformulate and abandon the use of the car, let’s stop using gasoline and they can increase it as much as they want.

Unfortunately, the reality of the common citizen is so determined by the use of the car that the increase in the price of gasoline means a low blow to the everyday economy. In this sense, the resistance has to be present, but we must not forget what we are fighting for. Are we fighting for things to be the same as before or to construct a better world?

NV: This new created immediate reactions –besides the general discomfort of the people-, there were many closed gas stations and there were the rumor of shortage in many states of the country. What is your interpretation of this situation? Was it really shortage or speculation? Who benefits from this?

– I think that we must be categorical in regards to this matter. The economic crisis are caused. By who? By the entrepreneurs whose profits are in risk or about to grow. The shortage of gasoline in the last weeks of 2016 is a tactic of speculation that the big capitalists have always used to justify the increase of such and such good.

In this way, they not only create the necessary conditions to justify their increase, but they also create a state of collective hysteria that seeks to people’s despair. In this way the people hurry to consume as soon as possible before the scary shortage reaches them.

I insist, Crisis, shortages, wars, crime and exploitation are not natural processes, the economy and the policy are controlled by the elites, little minorities that have achieved to accumulate the wealth based on the horrors previously mentioned.

It is important to realize here that we, with our resistance, are able to write the history too. Resistance and rebellion must be present not only to stop the increase in the gasoline, but also to re-write the faith that has been imposed to us.

NV: Another reaction that is presented in the social media are the calls to make protests, marches, road blockades and to stop buying gasoline during the first days of the year. What do you think about these people reactions that seemed to have realized that it is not enough to complain from a couch while surfing on Facebook, in your opinion, to where should this streak of marches be directed in order to not let this be just a catharsis, a flash in the pan?

– As I have mentioned before, the resistance against the “gasolinazo” is poor itself, thus the construction of rebellion must rescue the lessons of the movements that go through this struggle. This means, this bgasolineing moment of the people can be used to create accurate critiques to the transport topic, pollution, communication routes and the city transport, to the neoliberalism, capitalism and the civilization itself.

The collective reflection and the clarification of the positions that meet to refuse the increase in the gasoline must find in the capitalist exploitation a meeting point with the rest of the movements locally and in the country.

I mean, we must start to comprehend and to organize understanding that the same system that seeks the increase in the gasoline and the decrease of salaries, is the same that seeks the constructions of open-pit mines; understanding that the same media that remain silent on the disagreement, are the ones for whom the dead of women means nothing; understanding that the people who benefit from our consume are the same who profit with our suffering.

When the resistances in the north of Mexico become aware and truly construct bridges of solidarity among one and other, that day the junctures like this one will be a key for the defeat, not only of the Mexican government, but also of the whole capitalist system. But while that happens, I am afraid that those resistances are condemned to the mere manifestation of the conformist outrage, this means, of those protests that do not generate anything new.

* Arnoldo Díaz: Anarchist historian, he participated actively in the first years of the Asamblea Estudiantil UANL, in the popular assembly #NoTenemosFeria, as well as in the editorial project Ediciones Subersivas. He is currently a collaborator of Nuestra Voz and he is an independent researcher in the projects of the Red de Historiadores Anticapitalistas.

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“Pemex used to belong to Mexicans”

“Pemex used to belong to Mexicans”, pointed María Teresa Cervantes, lecturer at the Faculty of Communication Sciences at UANL. In an interview to NV, Cervantes explains that the increases to the gasoline are “the result of the Energy Reform and of the economic policy that dictates the IMF and the World Bank”, as well as of the corruption by the administrators and the Pemex union leaders.

Then the complete interview:

NV: What is your opinion about the “gasolinazo” that the federal government prescribed us by increasing the prices of the fuel up to 20% at the beginning of this 2017?

– It is the result of the Energy Reform and of the economic policy that the Mexican government that follows the guidelines that imposes on it the IMF and the WB: the privatization of our natural resources and of the parastatal companies, as well as the foreign direct investment in strategic companies of the country. It is also the result of the corruption by the Pemex administrators and the union leaders, of the neglect with which the company that used to belong to Mexicans has been managed.

NV: This new created immediate reactions –besides the general discomfort of the people-, there were many closed gas stations and there were the rumor of shortage in many states of the country. What is your interpretation of this situation? Was it really shortage or speculation? Who benefits from this?

– It cannot be shortage, how can there be a shortage of gasoline in a country with gasoline, like ours? This must have happened because the owners of the gas stations preferred to store it to sell it more expensive later. And/or the government in alliance with them wanted to scare us about what would happen if there is no gasoline due to the protests or mobilizations against the increases. We can expect everything from this kind of policy and from the entrepreneurs speculators.

NV:  Another reaction that is presented in the social media are the calls to make protests, marches, road blockades and to stop buying gasoline during the first days of the year. What do you think about these people reactions that seemed to have realized that it is not enough to complain from a couch while surfing on Facebook, in your opinion, to where should this streak of marches be directed in order to not let this be just a catharsis, a flash in the pan?

– The calls to protest haven bee spontaneous and dispersed, this means, there is a lack of organization and unity. It is good that people to express their discomfort with the situation and in the absence of a unified action that they protest with the actions as they like but I think that the actions should start being coordinated, that the conveners start to find a way to coordinate and all ensuring to not be manipulated by characters or parties that want to use us for their particular interests. We must have clear the objective to refuse and to not accept anymore the economic measures that the powerful impose on us inside and outside the country. It is a step to become aware but not to just protest some days, but to realize that all of this will affect the economy and the life of the families in this 2017 and in the following years.

María Teresa Cervantes is a popular educator, researcher and lecturer at the Faculty of Communication Sciences at UANL; she was founder of the Comunidades Eclesiales de Base in the Tierra Propia neighborhood in Guadalupe; she is author of the book “Abajo y a la Izquierda”.

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“The discomfort is anger that needs to be organized”

“This discomfort is more disorganized than anything else, it is anger that needs to catharsis. Anger yes, but organized”, indicated the psychologist and libertarian, Ana González*, in interview with NV in regards to the protests against the “gasolinazo” prescribed by the federal government. As well, she pointed that it is needed “to stop acting in the emergency, that this discomfort makes us to organize ourselves”.

NV: What is your opinion about the “gasolinazo” that the federal government prescribed us by increasing the prices of the fuel up to 20% at the beginning of this 2017?

– Well bad, I do not think that someone says “yei, we are going to pay more for everything!” One thing that we know is what this series of increases that have been applied to us for a while represents, the increase in the cost of many sectors of the everyday life. We come from very tiring times, 10 years of war, devaluations, depravations, violence, etc. The reality has turned more killer, the political class more shameless, and we remain with this feeling of impotence and immobility that is already eating us away. And even so we are consumed by fear, fear that things change, fear that this could be worse, that a relative is taken away, that the few secured things we have, disappear. We are afraid because we know that we lack of tools, ways or manners to face all of this, and the social protest is seen as a unnecessary risk…so far.

NV: This new created immediate reactions –besides the general discomfort of the people-, there were many closed gas stations and there were the rumor of shortage in many states of the country. What is your interpretation of this situation? Was it really shortage or speculation? Who benefits from this?

– The shortage was created, it was mere speculation with two grams of fear, if we have learned something during the last 60 years of “democratic government” is that the fear and chaos are excellent tools to control the population. Especially in extreme situations like the last decade.

The benefit is obviously for the rich ones, the entrepreneurs, the political class, the companies that need the chaos for the free market to work, we have had for decades a parastatal company being in charge of everything, now we need competence, clients must be won. Regardless of a final for the hydrocarbon market (that is coming in the future) now it is more the necessity of creating a market where a cost can be afforded with no problems and the people will pay it, badly and in a bad mood, but they will pay it.

NV: Another reaction that is presented in the social media are the calls to make protests, marches, road blockades and to stop buying gasoline during the first days of the year. What do you think about these people reactions that seemed to have realized that it is not enough to complain from a couch while surfing on Facebook, in your opinion, to where should this streak of marches be directed in order to not let this be just a catharsis, a flash in the pan?

– People feel disappointed, there was a tacit agreement with the politic class that they could fuck (can I say fuck? If not, use steal) but as long as they respected the well-kept meddle class. But the capitalism at global level demands other measures that the Mexican government has to accomplish, and that which just touched the poor ones, (like that with the little disgust and the distance that every middle-classer creates) reached them, and now we have the discomfort.

But we must be clear, this discomfort is more disorganized than anything else, it is anger that needs to catharsis. The non-existent, or almost non-existent politic analysis takes us to think that this is only about changing one or two politicians, we talk about broken campaign promises (especially of our little splendid horse of fair), about betrayal to people, about who must come in 2018. Imagine to think about a solution in a year and a half!! The reforms (all of them) are part of a packet requested by the IMF and the WB, they cannot be reversed that easily, it was cleared with the great resistance of the CNTE and the teachers last year.

We need to stop acting in the emergency, that this discomfort makes us to organize ourselves, protests are needed, but we really need that this anger goes further this instants in those places (the calls mentioned) and that this discomfort is moved to the neighborhoods, to the schools, to where a group of people, any group is organized and say “we do not need them” we can do it ourselves, and in this way to find solutions with no leaders, parties, or people profiting from our needs. Anger yes, but organized.

Ana González is a psychologist, anarchist and she is engaged with the feminist cause.

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“This is visible because it is urban but manifestations of this kind abound and nothing else has happened”

“The media builds “transcendental” events, they have the capacity of creating “realities” with diverse levels of intensity; this goes from the expectation of a football team to share news like the ones of the people with torches that were destroying Neza City (some years ago)” pointed Lenin González, militant of the Frente Auténtico del Trabajo in Mexico City, when he was asked about his opinion in regards to the “gasolinazo”.

Lenin noted that “the prices of the gasoline has not stopped increasing in the last years, I do not know if it was duplicated or triplicated and this implies more than the 20%, so what is the difference between the increases of the last years and this one?”

“The fact that in Facebook and WhatsApp rumors haven been shared, “initiatives” and other things, it is not a sign that the population has changed their passive attitude, the social media are made for that, to live behind a screen, to live in a virtual world, to consume, it seems like an answer to the created expectation” he emphasized.

Here the complete interview:

NV:  What is your opinion about the “gasolinazo” that the federal government prescribed us by increasing the prices of the fuel up to 20% at the beginning of this 2017?

– My opinion is not optimistic: the media builds “transcendental” events, they have the capacity of creating “realities” with diverse levels of intensity; this goes from the expectation of a football team to share news like the ones of the people with torches that were destroying Neza City (some years ago). In 1997 when Muñoz Ledo was about to answer the Governmental Report, there was a talk of the possibility of a state coup; in 2006 there was a talk of the “Peje struggle” and its terrible consequences for the country. These two events despite they are ridiculously irrelevant, they are needed to construct the idea of a process of change, of a real dispute among “nation projects”, if this is not invented then who is going to continue to think that voting changes the things or that the Peje is the little ray of hope for Mexico? These events have effects on some sectors of the population, evidently the ones who feed from the screens, and there are consequents reactions facing the facts. The “gasolinazo” can be considered among these events, the price of the gasoline has not stopped increasing in the last years, I do not know if it was duplicated or triplicated and this implies more than the 20%, so what is the difference between the increases of the last years and this one?

NV: This new created immediate reactions –besides the general discomfort of the people-, there were many closed gas stations and there were the rumor of shortage in many states of the country. What is your interpretation of this situation? Was it really shortage or speculation? Who benefits from this?

– The way this new has been handled in the media is a sign of another thing, this means, one may ask why to let too many expectations to be created from an increase that goes within the sequence of increases in the last years? The fact that in Facebook and WhatsApp rumors haven been shared, “initiatives” and other things, it is not a sign that the population has changed their passive attitude, the social media are made for that, to live behind a screen, to live in a virtual world, to consume, it seems like an answer to the created expectation.

We must remember that in 1994 there was the try to delay the devaluation in order to not damage Salinas’ image because he was seeking for the chair of the WTO, that in every devaluation time is taking into account to share a new and that the increases in the gasoline fit in this category, they are careful by sharing, so everything is planned to keep everything in order, coincidentally the political class is condemning the “gasolinazo” and this is being widely shared. And well this issue let us see a little about how the situation is perceived and how we continue to see what they want us to see: the increase in the gasoline is logical, inside the capitalism the gasoline has a key role, the gasoline is a manifestation of that, its price is not determined by the market, it is determined by specific agents, the increase is multiplied because the workforce has a very low price, and this cost is not modified with decrees, lobbying, laws or marches; so the situation will be worse, but this we all know when we are born, everything will always be worse.

NV: Another reaction that is presented in the social media are the calls to make protests, marches, road blockades and to stop buying gasoline during the first days of the year. What do you think about these people reactions that seemed to have realized that it is not enough to complain from a couch while surfing on Facebook, in your opinion, to where should this streak of marches be directed in order to not let this be just a catharsis, a flash in the pan?

– If the manifestations transcend this weeks they will invariably end up diluting. It exists a fantasy really rooted in this places: a spark that starts the revolution and that also it is going to unify all the groups and businesses auto-called from the left and revolutionary forces to create a better world, that it will have a warlord, then we all will end up hugging each other with a permanent smile. Evidentially this is as ridiculous as inexistent. The world where we live in is brutal and with centuries refining its mechanisms of control, to destroy all of this and to build another world is a complex task, really hard and that requires a lot of work, and seen from this long-term perspective. All of us must build the thing we will fight with.

Anyway, it is a little bit illogical to talk about all of this, since it is illogical the way that all of this is presented, this means, are we fighting against an increase? Against the way the prices of gasoline are determined? Of the gasoline? If the gasoline does not increase and the low salaries are kept, is it all fine? Do we have to manifest at the Secretary of Economy? At the gas stations? At the Chevron, Texaco, Shell, Pemex offices? It is important to make clear that I am not against the people who go out on the streets, nor do I mean that they are being manipulated, this is just my opinion which is fuller of doubts than of certainties.

We can go out and have fun for a while but we should not have any illusions, this is visible because it is urban but manifestations of this kind abound and nothing else has happened.

Lenin González is graduated from the UNAM and he participated in the 1999-200 student strike; he is a syndical organizer and he is currently a member of the National Coordination of FAT.

*Gasolinazo refers to the general increase in the price of gasoline.
**THIS CONTENT WAS TRANSLATED EXACTLY AS PUBLISHED IN NUESTRA VOZ BY JOSE LO. THE PICTURES WERE TAKEN FROM THAT ARTICLE AS WELL. TO SEE THE ORIGINAL POST, PLEASE CLICK ON https://nuestravox.wordpress.com/2017/01/05/gasolinazos-y-la-reforma-energetica-el-pueblo-siempre-pierde/
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